Centers For Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
The United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, “CDC” is a federal agency under the Department of Health and Human Services in the United States of America. This is an agency in charge of procuring measures for the control and prevention of diseases that may affect the country at any given time.
United State Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
The headquarters for the United States CDC is in Atlanta, Georgia, U.S. This Center for Disease Control and Prevention which can be referred to as CDC is the leading national public health institute of the United States of America. It helps to protect public health and bring about safety to society.
The United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention tackles diseases by developing prevention measures and creating control tactics. It also deals with injuries, disabilities, and any related issues that threaten the public health of the nation and the world at large.
Predecessors of the United States CDC
Before the creation of the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, there have been several agencies. The formation of the CDC on the 1st of July, 1946 precedes the following agencies;
- Office of National Defense Malaria Control Activities formed in the year 1942
- Office of Malaria Control in War Areas which functioned from the year 1942 to 1946.
- Communicable Disease Center which functioned from the year 1946 to 1967.
- National Communicable Disease Center which functioned from the year 1967 to 1970.
- Center for Disease Control which functioned from the year 1970 to 1980.
- Centers for Disease Control which functioned from the year 1980 to 1992.
The United State CDC now carries out all the responsibilities the platforms of the previous agencies individually. Most of the preceded agencies were mostly opened during one crisis or another. These crises ranged from a communicable disease plaguing the nation to disease spread after a war to a pandemic plaguing the world.
Functions of the United State Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
The CDC has its own share of functions that it does for the nation. Some of which are very obvious. However, here are the functions of the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
- The CDC operates quarantine facilities. This is in about twenty cities in the United States.
- The CDC conducts researches on non-infectious diseases and also provides the necessary information on them.
- The agency procures measures to help improve the health of the nation.
- Every year, they help several health concerned organizations to advance health, safety, and awareness at the community level throughout the nation by offering grants.
- They develop and apply disease control and prevention measures.
- They protect the public health safety through the control and prevention of disease, injury, and disability in the United States of America and also internationally.
These are the functions of the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
The CDC Area of Focus – Centers For Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
The United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention focuses on several areas in health-related matters. These areas are like the bedrock to other health issues that can possibly erupt. Here on this guide, the areas are listed below;
- Communicable diseases like smallpox, measles, influenza, etc.
- Non-communicable diseases like chronic diseases caused by obesity.
- Antibiotic resistance
- Global health and
- Traveler’s health
These areas of focus have helped to create solutions to problems on health even before the problems are actualized.
The CDC Structure
The structure of the United State Centers for Disease Control and Prevention are as follows;
- Principal Deputy Director
- Deputy Director for Public Health Service and Implementation Science
- Office of Minority Health and Health Equity
- Center for Global Health
- Center for Preparedness and Response
- The Center for State, Tribal, Local, and Territory Support
- Deputy Director – Public Health Science and Surveillance
- Office of Science
- Office of Laboratory Science and Safety
- Center for Surveillance, Epidemiology, and Laboratory Services
- National Center for Health Statistics
- Deputy Director for Non-Infectious Diseases
- National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities
- National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion
- The National Center for Environmental Health and Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry
- National Center for Injury Prevention and Control
- Deputy Director for Infectious Diseases
- National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases
- National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (includes the Division of Global Migration and Quarantine, which issues quarantine orders)
- The National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention
- National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
- Office of the Director
- Chief of Staff
- Chief Operating Officer
- Human Resources Office
- Office of Financial Resources
- Office of Safety, Security, and Asset Management
- The Office of the Chief Information Officer
- Chief Medical Officer
- CDC Washington Office
- Office of Equal Employment Opportunity
- Associate Director for Communication
- Associate Director for Laboratory Science and Safety
- The Associate Director for Policy and Strategy
This is the structural organization of the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Agencies Similar To the United States CDC in Other Regions of the World
There are also similar agencies set up in other countries all over the world that carry out the same function and responsibilities as the United States CDC. They are;
- Centers for Disease Control (Taiwan), an agency in Taiwan (the Republic of China) that combats the threat of communicable diseases
- Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, a public health agency in the People’s Republic of China
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Korea, a South Korean government public health agency
- Centers for disease control and prevention Nigeria, an agency in Nigeria that helps to combat the threat of communicable diseases.
- The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, a United States government public health agency
The list is not limited to these countries alone. There are several other countries with the same agencies as the CDC but to mention a few.
The United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, “CDC” does all it possibly can to curb disease spread and protect the public health of the nation. In this bid, it has been working tirelessly to help create a cure for the current pandemic affecting the world today: the COVID-19 pandemic. So far, they are working with the World Health Organization to produce a vaccine for viral diseases and also get a cure for it as well.